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The mission of the International Association of Bryologists (IAB), as a society, is to strengthen bryology by encouraging interactions among all persons interested in byophytes.

Monday, December 8, 2008

80 mosses with Otzi

Subject: Re: BRYONET: Otzi The Ice Man
Date: Mon, 08 Dec 2008 11:17:04 +0100
From: Wolfgang Hofbauer <>


Dear David,
actual there have been found more than 80 different mosses in
association with Ötzi. The six mosses you have mentioned were recovered
from his intestines. For further scientific reading please see also, e.g.:

Dickson, J.H. (2000): Bryology and the Iceman. In: Bortenschlager, S. &
Oeggl, K. (eds.): The Iceman and his Natural Environment. Springer,
Wien: 77-88.

Dickson, J.H. (2003): Low to Moderate Altitude Mosses at the Iceman Site
and their Significance. In: Fleckinger, A. (ed.): Die Gletschermumie aus
der Kupferzeit 2. Neue Forschungsergebnisse zum Mann aus dem Eis.
Folios. Schriften des Südtiroler Archäologiemuseums 3: 27-34.

Dickson, J.H., Bortenschlager, S., Oeggl, K., Porley, R., McMullen, A.
(1996): Mosses and the Tyrolean IcemanÂ's southern provenance.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 263: 567-571.

Dickson, J.H., Hofbauer, W., Kofler, W., Oeggl, K., Platzgummer, J.
(2005): How to find the bogmoss, Sphagnum imbricatum s.l., in South
Tyrol, Italy: Microscopically examine the Iceman´s colon contents.
Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 14/3: 207-210.

Dicksond, J.H., Hofbauer, W., Porley, R., Schmidl, A., Kofler, W.,
Oeggl, K. (2009; published online 2008): Six mosses from the Tyrolean
Iceman´s alimentary tract and their significance for his ethnobotany and
the events of his last days. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 18/1:

Best wishes!


Dr.rer.nat. Wolfgang Hofbauer

Gruppenleiter Biologie
Abt. Bauchemie, Baubiologie und Hygiene

Fraunhofer-Institut für Bauphysik
Institutsteil Holzkirchen

Fraunhoferstraße 10
83626 Valley

Telefon +49 (0)8024 / 643-219
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